Ain Aata

Ain Aata, Ain Ata, ‘Ain ‘Ata or Ayn Aata is a village and municipality situated southwest of Rashaya, 99 kilometres (62 mi) south-east of Beirut, in the Rashaya District of the Beqaa Governorate in Lebanon.

The name is thought to mean “gift spring”. There is a remarkably cold spring in the area.

The village was suggested by Charles William Meredith van de Velde to be the ancient site of Beth-Anath or Anatha mentioned in the Bible Book of Joshua (Joshua 19:38) and the Book of Judges (Judges 1:33) as a land given to Naphtali. Historical geographer Ze’ev Safrai, disputing, identifies the biblical Beth-Anath with Bi’ina in the Beit HaKerem Valley of Upper Galilee. Eusebius, in his Onomasticon, placed it 9 miles (14 km) from Dora (Tanturah), however this falls outside the territory of Naphtali. Beth-Anath has been translated to mean “temple of Anat”, a Canaanite goddess linked to a Sumerian predecessor called Ninhursag.

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